Are you curious to learn how matrix multiplication is done in Python? A matrix is a rectangular data structure that stores multiple values in rows and columns. It can be used for a variety of purposes, such as solving systems of linear equations or modeling data. We will use the Python programming language to create and manipulate matrices.

In this article, we will show you how to multiply matrices in Python through a built-in library and for loop, and we will also provide some helpful examples for your better understanding. So whether you’re a beginner or an experienced Python programmer, we hope this article will help you learn matrix multiplication in Python.

Table of Contents

## What is NumPy?

Numerical Python is abbreviated as NumPy. The NumPy Python library supports working with arrays. It also includes tools for linear algebra, Fourier transforms and matrices. Travis Oliphant founded NumPy in 2005. You may use it for whatever you want because it is an open-source project.

NumPy is compatible with many other Python libraries such as pandas, sci-kit learn and matplotlib.

Learn How to install NumPy library?

## NumPy Matrix Multiplication

There are a few ways to calculate the multiplication of matrices in Python. The multiplication of matrices takes two matrices as input and returns an array containing the product matrix of each column vector. A built-in library NumPy in Python will help you to calculate the product of two or more matrices.

### Numpy.dot ()

The dot product of two arrays may be performed using the NumPy module in Python. The dot() function performs the inner product of vectors if both the arrays ‘m1’ and ‘m2’ are 1-dimensional arrays.

Let us consider the following code example for better understanding,

```
import numpy as np
m1 = ([1, 3, 5],[3 ,4, 9],[2, 12, 3])
m2 = ([3, 4, 6],[5, 6, 7],[6,89, 7])
# This will return dot product
res = np.dot(m1,m2)
# print resulted matrix
print(res)
```

#### Output

Also learn about, Numpy Average function in Python

## FAQs

### How do you optimize a matrix multiplication in Python?

The different algorithms may be used to improve matrix multiplication in Python, including the SVD algorithm. This is a two-dimensional matrix solution method that is best suited for solving systems of equations. By treating each row as an equation and solving them all simultaneously using this strategy, you may reduce the size of your matrix.

### Which property does not hold for matrix multiplication?

The order in which two matrices are multiplied matters in matrix multiplication, and matrix multiplication is not commutative, unlike real number multiplication.

### Does order matter in matrix multiplication?

Matrix multiplication combines the rows of one matrix with the columns of another, so order matters at the arithmetic level. For example, if you interchange the two matrices, you are changing the matrix that contributes rows and columns to the final result.

### What are the applications of matrices?

Matrices are essential items that may be used in a variety of applications. It helps resolve linear equations. Matrices are employed in various scientific and mathematical disciplines, including in applications.

## CONCLUSION

In this article, we discussed how to perform Numpy Matrix Multiplication in Python. I hope the attached example code helped you understand the numpy matrix multiplication better.