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Java is a programming language that was innovated by James Gosling and developed by Sun Microsystems. It took a bit more than ten days to build — it took closer to four years. In 1991, a team of Sun Microsystem engineers known as the “Green Team” worked day and night to build Java.
Java was released in 1995 for the first time, and several new versions have been launched since then.
Today’s Internet is saturated with Java-run programming, and we have Java to thank for many of the applications that make day-to-day living more comfortable. Oracle currently owns Java.
In the time period of the Internet, around 1990, Internet Explorer and Netscape Navigator were the two most famous web browsers in use by the general public. In just ten days, a developer named Brendan Eich at Netscape, Inc.
was able to create a programming language that would instruct the pc on the way to interact with the user upon receiving user input. They called this language “LiveScript” and integrated it directly into Navigator.
It meant that the browser was interpreting the user’s commands; the code didn’t have to be compiled and did not require a plug-in.
Another programming language, Java, was gaining fame around the same time, even though Java required a separate plug-in to function.
Java is a multi-platform, object-oriented, and network-centric and among the most used programming language. It is used as a computing platform as well. Java applications are compiled into byte-code that can run on the Java Virtual Machine (JVM).
- The coder needs to write code once and run it on almost any computing platform.
- It is designed for building object-oriented applications.
- It is a multi-threaded language with automatic memory management.
- Facilitates distributed computing as its network-centric.
- It is a cross-platform language.
- It is widely used for client-side and server-side.
- Strong Testing Workflow.
- It is easy to learn and to start coding with.
- Added dependencies.
- Detailed documentation is available.
- A large pool of skilled developers available.
- A massive array of third-party libraries.
- It allows the user to form standard programs and re-usable code.
- It is a multi-threaded environment that enables you to perform many tasks simultaneously in a program.
- Excellent performance.
- Easy to navigate libraries.
- It’s an open-source project with Microsoft’s patronage.
- Specially designed tool for tiny scripts.
- Supports classes, interfaces, & modules.
- It allows cross-compilation.
- Immediate feedback to the visitors.
- It allows you to make interfaces that react when the user hovers using the mouse.
- JIT compiler makes the program comparatively slow.
- Java has high memory and processing requirements. Therefore, hardware cost increases.
- It doesn’t provide support for low-level programming constructs like pointers.
- You don’t have any control over garbage collection as Java does not offer functions like delete(), free().
- For networking applications, it cannot be used because there is not much support available.
- Android Apps
- Enterprise Software
- Scientific Computing Applications
- Big Data Analytics
- Java Programming of Hardware devices
- Used for Server-Side Technologies like Apache, JBoss, GlassFish, etc.
- Dynamic Single-Page Applications (SPAs)
- Server-Side technologies like Node.js, Express.js, MongoDB are based on Java Script.
- Mobile App Development using PhoneGap, React Native, etc.