Java Applets and JavaFX are both Java technologies used to develop desktop and web applications. Java Applets were introduced in the mid-1990s as a way to add interactivity to web pages, while JavaFX was released in 2008 as a framework for building rich client applications.
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Java Applets are small Java programs embedded in web pages and run on the client-side in a secure, sandboxed environment, making them more secure than traditional web applications.
JavaFX is a framework for building rich client applications. It provides a set of APIs for creating graphical user interfaces, 2D and 3D graphics, media, and web services.
Comparison of Java Applets and JavaFX
Use case – Java Applets are typically used for embedding small applications in web pages, while JavaFX is used for building rich client applications.
Security – Java Applets are more secure than JavaFX applications because they run in a sandboxed environment, while JavaFX applications have access to the user’s computer.
Performance – JavaFX applications are generally faster and more responsive than Java Applets.
Future of Java Applets and JavaFX
Java Applets have been deprecated since Java 9 and are no longer supported due to security concerns. JavaFX, on the other hand, is still actively developed and is recommended for building rich client applications. JavaFX is included in JDK and is widely used for building desktop and mobile applications.