Web Development industry in recent years is leaning towards lightweight frameworks and microservices. To fulfill the purpose Web Developers have a wide variety of frameworks to start with full-stack development of large and complex web applications. If you are up to making a Python based web application, then Flask vs Django are worth grabbing the opportunity of being chosen widely by Python programmers around the world.
In Flask vs Django, Django is a free and open-source python-based web framework that encourages rapid and clean full-stack web development. It is developed considering the batteries-included approach. A programmer can accomplish most of the common web development tasks with Django’s framework tools, instead of using any third-party tool or library.
Both Flask vs Django happened to be highly recommended and widely used web frameworks for Python-based web development with sufficient mature communities; the only difference in Flask vs Django lies in between their approaches to achieve a task.
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When we talk about Flask vs Django, Django supports a batteries-included approach which means that it offers a variety of tools, features, and patterns within the framework itself making it feasible for Django developers to implement common tasks frequently occurring in the project such as URL routing, user authentication, and database schema migration.
Django is also more stable than Flask as the releases of newer versions and features are not very frequent and have strong backward compatibility with the existing versions. Django supports custom web development tasks by providing a built-in template engine, bootstrapping tool, ORM system, etc.
On the other hand, Flask is a lightweight and minimalist web framework but handles the core structuring well. It provides you with URL routing, cookies, error handling, development server, templating, request handling, debugging, and unit testing support.
1. Admin Interface
Django has a fully functional web-based admin panel for the developers that provides them with a user interface to manage the data and associated operations of the project models. They can use the panel to perform CRUD operations, user management, content administration, and much more without writing any extra code for it. The panel is customizable to fit according to different business requirements.
Flask does not offer a panel or interface like this to manage administrative tasks but provides you with a Flask-Admin extension for the same purpose. The Flask Admin again is an explicitly managed tool which means that the developer needs to write some boilerplate code to tell the Admin panel how to function and what to do, but it can help in doing customization in the future.
It supports various databases such as Peewee, SQLAlchemy, MonoEngine, or you can add your own backends too.
2. Authorization and Authentication
3. Template Engine
4. Support for Databases
Strong backend database support is an integral part of any web application and while using a framework, developers expect some sort of database support.
5. Reusable Components
For example, you can group all routing files together, entire user-related functionality together, all the views in one place, etc. To do so, Django has the concept of app which means that the developer can create multiple separate applications in a project and use those applications to extend the functionality of web, whereas Flask supports blueprints.
Both Flask vs Django provides built-in support for unit testing by making use of Python’s unittest framework. They also provide you with the support of testing client who you can send requests and assess the incoming response.
Which One to Use Finally?
+ are both competitive enough in the Python-based web development industry focused on full-stack development. The developers are quite motivated to take their hands on both of these wonderful frameworks.
Conclusively, both Django and Flask are open-source and free Python-based full-stack web development frameworks and essentially does the same job the difference lies in their approaches only and to figure that out, we assessed quite a few aspects of both the frameworks such as the flexibilities, built-in features and extensions, security, and testing support, etc.