Table of Contents
Angular is an open-source framework operated by Google and is used to develop SPA, i.e., Single Page Application. It is one of the most efficient frameworks.
- Speed and Performance: Angular helps to create fast and dynamic content that mimics desktop applications. It includes code generation from templates and automatic code-splitting.
- Cross-Platform: Angular is used for building native apps using strategies of other frameworks. It can also be used to build desktop applications across Mac, Windows, and Linux.
- Productivity and Development: Angular uses powerful template syntax to build UI views. High-performance animation timelines are created with very little code with Angular APIs.
- Angular is the most popular client-side framework.
- Angular allows the developers to use customizable directives and functions. It helps to use fewer lines of code.
- SAP is a significant advantage as it uses an index.html file; it will help update the code section once the page is loaded.
- Angular.js is built on MVC; the developer can not use Angular unless he knows MVC concepts.
- The learning curve is steep for Angular as it contains a lot of details on how to use the framework properly.
- Angular provides many ways to do onething which might lead to confusion.
- Dynamic UI: React helps to develop dynamic websites and applications quickly. It has declarative views, which makes the code more readable and easy to debug.
- Virtual DOM: For every DOM object, there is one virtual DOM object. It makes things faster as the state of some objects changes; in real DOM, only that objects get changed by virtual DOM.
- React Native: React Native is used as a custom renderer for React. Native components are used as building blocks.
- One-Way Data: In React, everything is modular and component-based because the flow of data is unidirectional.
- Virtual DOM transforms all the elements and their attributes as a node tree exactly like real DOM.
- Developers can reuse the code components so that they would not have to be built multiple times.
- The big community on React proposes new features constantly and also fixes the bugs.
- It is challenging for a beginner to grab all the React features as new features are introduced daily.
- According to developers, the documentation of React.js is poor, and it could be done better.
- Template: The HTML-based templates are used to be compiled into virtual DOM for render functions.
- Complexity: Vue.js is a simple framework, and simple applications can be built-in just one day.
- The HTML templates are used, and data travel two ways. That’s why HTML blocks to communicates fast.
- The framework provides flexibility for integration with other applications and frameworks.
- Vue.js is fast and with the help of server-side rendering, the page works faster on the client-side application.
- Vue.js is reactive just because of data binding and virtual DOM features.
- The community is not much big for Vue.js and relatively small.
- Vue.js is much flexible, and it might be the reason for complications in the project when projects are complex.
Ember.js has a quite wide application area, and this is the reason for its popularity. Ember was developed in 2015. It provides two-way data binding, and better handling of complex UIs.Ember.js is better used for large web applications’ fast delivery.
- Model-view-view model: Scalable single-page applications can be developed based on the MVVM patterns.
- Convention: Ember generates large blocks of code. To achieve specific app behavior, the code can be configured using a naming scheme.
- Ember comes with Ember-CLI supports many powerful tools.
- Ember has a big community for good support and solutions.
- In Ember, it is easy to inspect objects and debug them.
- The fast updates in the framework make the learning curve steep. It is not easy for developers to learn Ember.
- Ember.js is not suitable for large and big projects; it better supports small and medium-sized projects.
- Ember does not support a lot of customization in the project.
- Latency: The response time is short in Meteor.js. The changes will be updated in the time response is returned from the server.
- Performance: This framework contains ready-made packages. These packages speed up the development process.
- Meteor framework provides full-stack development for web applications.
- Only one language is used for all development, front-end, back-end, and database.
- The packages and libraries are up to date.
- The only back-end option for Meteor is MongoDB, yet it contains data integrity issues.
- It provides complex integration with other frameworks.
- With a poor internet connection, there will be no synchronization between the front-end and the back-end.
- Open Source: For Node.js applications, better features could be added with different models being an open-source framework.
- Single-Threaded: The framework follows a single-threaded model along with event looping.
- Asynchronous APIs: The server makes the calls to APIs one after the other while using a notification mechanism to generate a response while moving to another. This process makes the framework work fast.
- Node.js can easily integrate with other frameworks.
- For agile development, this is a good option as it is easy to learn.
- Node.js can produce highly scalable services with fast Performance.
- Node.js can provide full-stack development.
- It has a significant library source, doesn’t need to build from scratch.
- Node.js can be a cause of delay because of its single-threaded nature. It can not handle heavy computations.
- APIs are unstable.
- Custom Elements: Polymer has user-defined naming schemes. One can name components in HTML with any name they like.
- Template Customization: Every element has its template in regards to styles and behavior.
- Polymer JS supports data binding both ways.
- Cross-browser compatibility is a much-needed feature.
- In polymer, the front-end is developed by a feature-driven approach.
- It has a growing library, thus helps in the fast and easy development of custom mobile applications.
- For complex action, polymer might be slow as it works on the browser.
- There is no server-side rendering.
- Polymer JS does not have good documentation.
- Dependency: Mithril has no dependency on any other library as it is 7kb.
- View Layer Paradigm: The Mithril is a declarative framework, not the procedural where custom code is written at the view level.
- Hidden Performance: there are no hidden performance costs during the implementation of the MVC pattern because of on-demand tooling.
- The learning curve is minimal because of the short, understandable documentation.
- It contains compatible templates.
- Mithril has no dependencies because of its short size.
- The database that Mithril supports is MongoDB.
- Mithril can not use NoSQL database support.
- Backbone Objects: Events provide the capability to the backbone objects for binding and creation of custom events.
- Models, Views: Models contain the significant parts of the logic, and Views has a reason for presenting the model’s data.
- Collections: Collections are used to define multiple instances at one time.
- Routers: Routers help to connect the client-side to action and events in the application.
- It has an underscore utility library.
- Code is organized systematically and puts together afterward.
- Backbone does not require storing data in DOM.
- The learning curve is steep for Backbone.
- Backbone requires time for the developer to learn how to code in Backbone.
- Integration: The framework can integrate with other tools easily.
- Web Standards: There are no unnecessary abstractions and only the web standards.
- License: Aurelia is licensed under MIT and is an open-source framework.
- Aurelia is one of the cleanest frameworks.
- It is not much time-consuming and easy for developers to use.
- It provides easy integration with other tools.
- Aurelia sticks to web standards and follows them.
- The Aurelia community is not much significant.
- Aurelia doesn’t provide reasonable documentation for the framework.
Svelte is more of a tool rather than a framework. It is considered to be a radical approach in building UIs. Svelte transfers the work in the browser in the compilation stage.
- Fast bundles: The framework is quite reasonable as it contains small bundles, but they are fast.
- Core Features: Svelte provides a syntax for outputting the data for reacting to events.
- Compiler: Svelte uses a certain kind of syntax as well as components like styles and markups.
- Svelte produces a very optimized code.
- Coding in Svelte is less time-consuming, and there are no client-side dependencies.
- Svelte can be used with other projects as well.
- Svelte does not allow to build off a client-side, single-page app.
- It has a quite small community to learn with.
- State Change: State can be changed by sending out an action.
- Redux is easy to learn, just like writing HTML.
- It helps to avoid complicated errors and bugs.
- DOM elements are not bound to functionality on Redux.
- The developer community is not strong enough for proper growth.
Zeit has developed Next.js framework is created by Zeit. It allows creating server-side rendering by using React.
- Server Rendering: In Next.js, React components are rendered on the server-side before sending the HTML to the client-side.t.
- Routing: There is an automatic routing in Next.js for the URL mapped. No configuration is required.
- The most significant advantage is the easiness of using Next.js.
- It offers file system-based routing and friendliness to SEO.
- Conversion of one server-side app to Next.js is quite a difficult task.
- This framework is not supporting back-end development.